Diabetes mellitus is a type of disease caused by high levels of sugar in the blood, this is due to a disturbance in the production of the hormone insulin or the work of insulin, or both. In the body of patients suffering from diabetes are unable to produce or respond to the insulin hormone by the pancreas, so this condition causes an increase in blood sugar and at the same time causes conflicts in the patient’s body.
Diabetes mellitus is divided into 3 types, namely type I, II, and gestational diabetes mellitus. Type I diabetes is often experienced by young people and even children. For survival, these patients need insulin from outside the body. Type II diabetes is often experienced by those who are over 30 years old, are overweight, or have an unhealthy lifestyle. While gestational diabetes is a type of diabetes that is often experienced by pregnant women because it is caused by a disturbance in glucose tolerance in these patients. But usually, this disease will disappear by itself after the delivery process.
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Currently, the number of people with type II diabetes has increased, this is due to their unhealthy lifestyles such as unhealthy eating patterns, having excess weight, and also rarely doing physical activities such as sports.
Type II diabetes can be characterized by several early symptoms such as:
- Often feel excessive thirst and hunger
- Frequent urination
- Sudden weight loss for no apparent reason
The initial diagnosis applied to this type II diabetic patient is to check blood sugar levels, namely at the time after 8 hours of fasting or blood sugar.
Diabetes is basically incurable, but it can be controlled so that blood sugar does not rise again. Because if blood sugar levels are not controlled or sometimes high, sometimes low, or even too low, it can cause complications in the patient himself.
Therefore, for those of you who are at risk of suffering from diabetes, you should always maintain a healthy lifestyle every day starting with diet and lifestyle.
Thus a brief review that we can convey about diabetes mellitus, hopefully, this brief review can provide many benefits for all of you.